Template:Campaignbox Mexican-American War The Battle of Chapultepec (September 1847) was a U.S. victory over Mexican forces holding Chapultepec Castle west of Mexico City during the Mexican-American War. General Lopez de Santa Anna was in command of the army at Mexico City, and understood that Chapultepec Castle was an important position for the defense of the city. General Quitman quickly gathered the troops in Chapultepec, except the 15th Infantry, who guarded the castle and prisoners, and designed as a feint, headed down the Belén Causeway, stopping at the Belen Garita. The Blood Stripe Marine Corps tradition maintains that the red stripe worn on the trousers of officers and noncommissioned officers, and commonly known as the âblood stripe,â commemorates those Marines killed storming the castle of Chapultepec in 1847. :320 As night fell, Worth lobbed five mortar rounds into the city, which fell near the National Palace. The Stars & Stripes Rumor Doctor did some digging into the history and lore around the US Marine Corps "Blood Stripe" (red stripe on their blue pants): Marines take Corps history very seriously. Marines 7,746 views. According to legend, the last of the six, Juan Escutia, grabbed the Mexican flag, wrapped it around himself, and jumped off the castle point to prevent the flag from falling into enemy hands. :318 Santa Anna watched the Americans take Chapultepec, while an aide exclaimed, "let the Mexican flag never be touched by a foreign enemy". :316 These were teniente (lieutenant) Juan de la Barrera and cadets Agustín Melgar, Juan Escutia, Vicente Suárez, Francisco Márquez, and Fernando Montes de Oca, all between the ages of 13 and 19. The castle, sitting atop a 200-foot (60 m) tall hill, was an important position for the defense of the city. :319 General Scott later commented, "Brave Rifles, you have gone through fire and come out steel". Annual Reports 1894, War Department lists trophy guns: 1- 24pounder bronze, 1- 8 inch howitzer and 2- 4-pounder bonze howitzers. He also exclaimed, "I believe if we were to plant our batteries in Hell, the damned Yankees would take them from us.":318. :320 On the north side of the road, naval officer Raphael Semmes repeated Grant's successful maneuver. Quitman sent Persifor Smith's brigade to his right and brought in James Shields, plus the New York and 2d Pennsylvania Regiments into the assault. Sandweiss, Martha A., Rick Stewart, and Ben W. Huseman, "What's the real story of the "Blood Stripe"? Although their army was defeated by the Americans, the Battle of Chapultepec is a source of much pride for Mexicans. "O" depicts a Mexican battery, "P" an American battery, and "R" is Steptoe's battery. Finally, although it actually predates the Mexican War, the scarlet "blood" stripe on the dress blue trousers worn by Marines has long been hailed as a commemoration of those who died at Chapultepec. Thinking that the attack would come from the south, Santa Anna devoted preparation time and troops there, both before and during the bombardment. The building, sitting atop a 200-ft (60-m) hill, was an important position for the defense of the city. Archives | John Hall) Thirty men from the Saint Patrick's Battalion, a group of former United States Army soldiers who joined the Mexican side, were executed en masse during the battle. ", "Harry S. Truman: Address in Mexico City", A Continent Divided: The U.S. – Mexico War, Guillermo Valleto's Handwritten Letter to the Treasury Secretary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Chapultepec&oldid=988066535, United States Marine Corps in the 18th and 19th centuries, United States Marine Corps lore and symbols, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Lee. The tale of the Blood Stripe is firmly entrenched in Corps culture, but like an ant getting vaporized by a kid with a magnifying glass, it wilts under closer scrutiny. This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 21:06. What's the real story of the "Blood Stripe"? Thursday marked the 160th anniversary of the battle of Chapultepec. :317 The Voltigeurs soon planted their flag on the parapet. Do veterans have a right to free health care for life? … The Blood Stripe is just a piece of lore attached to that battle.”, THE RUMOR DOCTOR’S DIAGNOSIS: Sorry to say it, but the “Blood Stripe” story is false. U.S. Civil War 1861 - 1865 Spanish-American War 1898 Boxer Rebellion 1900 Philippine Insurrection 1901 Panama ... âThe Battle of Chapultepec âIn the case of Chapultepec, the meat of what is taught to recruits is the significance of the battle and the heroic part played by the Marines. In Mexico, the battle has a complicated place in historical memory, since the capture of Chapultepec led to the fall of Mexico City to the invaders. About Us | “We tell the truth no matter how shocking the truth can be, and this is one of those occasions.”. The Mexican forces' loss opened the way to take the center of Mexico City.