194, Marti in Leningrad. In Preston, Anthony. They had a beam of 31.6 meters (103 ft 8 in) and at full load a draft of 9.45 meters (31 ft 0 in). Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Introduce Sources from Russia said that the Orion drone is a product of the Kronshtadt Group, in order to meet the Russian Army’s request for a type of unmanned combat aerial vehicle. Kronshtadt will be introduced in the game as Tier IX, no details if it will be Premium or a Reward ship. The dual-purpose mountings had 50 mm armor with 40-millimeter (1.6 in) barbettes. The second boiler room contained four boilers and was followed by a turbine room for the central shaft. It was 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high of which 1.6 meters (5 ft 3 in) was intended to be submerged as originally designed. Work on these ships ceased shortly after the German invasion. [15], Light AA defense was handled by six quadruple, water-cooled, 46-K mounts fitted with 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K guns. Photo via German Federal Archives. [6], The power plant was laid out on a unit system. Gunnery focused with great ballistics and short-range torpedoes 2. A total of sixteen ships were planned in the August 1939 building program, but this was scaled back to four in July 1940 and two in October 1940 when it became clear just how unprepared the Soviets were for any large-scale naval construction program. Battleship 'B' was redesignated as Project 25 and given the task of destroying Treaty cruisers and German pocket battleships. 428-GX-K-112540 (26528904530).jpg 2,093 × 1,398; 680 KB. The normal fuel oil capacity was 2,920 metric tons (2,874 long tons), which provided an estimated endurance of 1,100 nautical miles (2,040 km; 1,270 mi) at full speed. [4], The Soviets never did get the detailed data required to redesign the ship's barbettes and magazines, but they did know that the 380-mm barbettes was bigger in diameter than that of the 305 mm turret as well as taller than the Russian turrets. Iu. The admiral's bridge was protected with 50 mm armor. She was judged obsolete and the Soviets considered converting her into an aircraft carrier, but the idea was rejected and both hulls were scrapped in 1947. The model is an approximation and is not configured to represent either ship perfectly. However, World War I and the Russian Civil War interrupted the construction of the Russian Borodino-class ships and all were scrapped. The first ship, BO-270, was built at Zelenodolsk in 1945-1947 and a total of 227 were built for Soviet Navy (175) and border guard until 1955. Shipbuilding steel proved to be in short supply in 1939–1940 and a number of batches were rejected because they did not meet specifications. The Kronshtadt-class were a collection of two hundred and twenty-seven small submarine chasers built for the Soviet Navy immediately after WWII. An attempt to import 14,000 long tons (14,225 t) of steel and armor plate from the United States in 1939 failed, probably as a result of the Soviet invasion of Poland on 17 September 1939. The funnels had 20 mm armor for their entire height above the deck and a 50 mm box protected the smoke generators. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The forward boiler room contained eight boilers and was followed by an engine room for the two wing propeller shafts. pp. [5] The new turrets required more electrical power which meant that the output of the turbo generators had to be increased to 1,300 kilowatts. [16], The ships had relatively light armor. They fired 15.6-kilogram (34 lb) high explosive shells at a muzzle velocity of 895 m/s (2,940 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 22,241 meters (24,323 yd) against surface targets, but their maximum range against aerial targets was 9,895 meters (32,464 ft), the limit of their time fuse. Despite their obsolescence, these boats remained active well into the mid-1990s. [9], The main turrets had 305 mm faces and backs and 125-millimeter (4.9 in) sides and roofs. This meant that a lot of horsepower was necessary to achieve even modest speeds. A preliminary purchase agreement was made to buy twelve guns and six turrets later that month, well before any studies were even made to see if the substitution was even possible. Certain elements not to scale. [21], Kronshtadt (Russian: Кронштадт) was built by the Shipyard No. It was completed in 1948. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The dual-purpose guns were controlled by two, later three, stabilized directors, each with a 3-meter (9 ft 10 in) rangefinder. [17], The Germans sold the Soviets twelve 52-caliber 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SKC/34 guns and their associated Drh LC/34 turrets as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. It was deemed superior to the Kongos at medium range and inferior to the Dunkerques at the same range, but generally superior to the Scharnhorsts, although it is doubtful that the Soviets were fully aware of the true specifications of the Kongōs as rebuilt or of the Scharnhorsts as the displacement of the latter had been given as 26,000 metric tons (25,589 long tons), more than 5,000 metric tons (4,921 long tons) short of their true displacement. They were designed in response to the battleships being built by Germany. 380–86. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. This conversion was initially accepted, but the red army understandably more interested in funding the red army and not the red navy, had gained control of a committee on naval needs, and used that to get the conversion cancelled, ending any hope of Izmail, last of the Borodino-class Battlecruisers, and any chance of a Soviet capital ship until the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser attempt during the early WWII era. ; Evan Mawdsley (1991). [12], The secondary armament consisted of eight 57-caliber B-38 152 mm guns mounted in four dual MK-4 turrets concentrated at the forward end of the superstructure. Prototypes of the armament and machinery had not even been completed by 22 June 1941, almost two years after the start of construction. The forward transverse 330-millimeter (13.0 in) bulkhead was 330 mm thick while the rear bulkhead was 275 millimeters (10.8 in) thick. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. The largest warships built in the Soviet Union prior to 1938 were the 8,000-metric-ton (7,874-long-ton) Kirov-class cruisers and even they had suffered from a number of production problems, but the Soviet leadership preferred to ignore the industrial difficulties when making their plans. Contents The Project 25 design was accepted in mid-1937 after major revisions in the armor scheme and the machinery layout and four were ordered with construction to begin in late 1937 and early 1938. The first Chinese built unit entered service in 1957 and was designated as the, Качур П. И. Большие охотники за подводными лодками проекта 122а/122бис //. The Soviets had been working on a small battleship design (Battleship 'B') for service in the Baltic and Black Seas and had to shrink it as a result of these discussions to a size close to that of the Project 22 large cruiser so that the latter was cancelled. The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. 100 rounds per gun were carried. The situation was not much better for the smaller guns as mountings for both the 152 mm and 100 mm guns were still incomplete on 22 June 1941 and all of these programs were terminated quickly afterwards. The electrical plant originally consisted of four 1200 kW turbo generators and four 650 kW diesel generators, but these were upgraded for the Project 69-I ships. Furthermore the armor plants proved to be incapable of making cemented plates over 230 mm and inferior face-hardened plates had to substituted for all thicknesses over 200 millimeters (7.9 in). [13] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 13 degrees per second and traverse at 6 degrees per second. So the middle deck was thickened to 90-millimeter (3.5 in) with the lower deck intended to catch any splinters penetrating the armor deck. The tactical diameter was estimated at about 1,200 meters (1,312 yd). This model includes 7 ships on a sprue. Upload media ... Media in category "Kronshtadt class cruiser" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. The conning tower had 330 mm sides and a 125 mm roof with a 230 mm communications tube running down to the armor deck. This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. However, this decision occurred right before the Great Purge began to hit the Navy in August 1937 and two of the ship's designers were arrested and executed within a year. As well as this, twenty Project 357 (Libau class) despatch vessels were built on the same hull, but were lightly armed. The displacement of the two Project 69-I-class ships increased to 36,250 metric tons (35,677 long tons) at standard load and 42,831 metric tons (42,155 long tons) at full load which increased the draft to 9.7 meters (31 ft 10 in) at full load while the waterline length grew to 242.1 meters (794 ft 3 in) simply because the extra draft submerged more of the sharply raked stem and spoon-shaped stern. The Soviet battle cruisers Kronshtadt and Sevastopol (Project 69) have been among the mysteries of world capital-ship construction. The other two Stalingrad-class ships, Moskva and Kronshtadt, with little work done on them, were scrapped in port. A revised design was finished by October which was wargamed against the Japanese Kongō-class battlecruisers, the French Dunkerque-class battleships as well as the Scharnhorst class. Before the Germans evacuated the city they damaged her building slip and hull with explosives and made her a constructive total loss. Product Description This 1/1800 scale model represents the Kronshtadt-class submarine chasers; two hundered and twenty-seven were built. Lightning in the night Soviet battleships and Cruisers It is mention in Lightning in the night book that the Soviet Navy has eight battleships in service at the beginning of the war on Augusts 1st 1945.As the Soviet Union is at paece whit the United Greater German Reich (OTL Third Reich) all Battleships and Cruisers which whereunder constructionare completed. Until 1989 not even a tentative general arrangement drawing had been published; more was known even about the Sovetskii Soiuz (Project 23) class battleships. [6] All of these changes added over 1,000 metric tons (984 long tons) to the ships' displacement and the sketch design was completed by 16 October 1940, as Project 69-I (Importnyi—Imported), even though they still lacked data for the turrets and their barbettes. [7], The hull form was very full with a block coefficient of 0.61 which compared badly to the 0.54 of the Dunkerque, the 0.52 of the German O-class battlecruiser or the 0.5266 of the American Alaska-class cruiser. Both ships, Kronshtadt and Sevastopol were commissioned in 1936. Prototypes of neither had been completed by the time the Germans invaded. [9], Maximum speed was estimated at 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph), using the revised propeller design, although forcing the machinery would yield an extra knot. 1969 class of Soviet guided missile cruisers. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The Shipbuilding Commissariat reported on 17 April that it was possible so the agreement was finalized in November 1940 with the deliveries scheduled from October 1941 to 28 March 1943. [18], Two KDP-8-III fire-control directors were used to control the main armament. 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